The number of people suffering from kidney stones has risen from 3.8% in the late 1970s to 8.8% in the late 2000s in the United States according to the National Kidney Stone Foundation. he lifetime risk of kidney stones is about 19% in men and 9% in women. In men, the first episode is most likely to occur after age 30, but it can occur earlier.
What is a kidney stone?
The waste and chemicals in your urine when accumulate form a hard object which is a kidney stone. Urine has various wastes dissolved in it. When your body isn’t hydrated well, there is too much waste in too little liquid, small crystals begin to form. The crystals react to other elements and join to form a solid waste and keep growing till it is passed through urine. Usually, these chemicals are eliminated in the urine by the body’s master chemist: the kidney. In most people, having enough liquid washes them out or other chemicals in urine stop a stone from forming. The stone-forming chemicals are calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. Read more about diagnosis and treatment.
How can you prevent kidney stone?
- Sweat and then hydrate on a loop!
Saunas, hot yoga running and heavy exercise in the gym are good for your health, but they also may lead to kidney stones. Why? The more you sweat the lesser water your kidney has to pass out the waste which gets accumulated in your body. The Ozmo Smart Bottle provides a great solution to this problem, it connects with leading fitness trackers like Fitbit, Garmin, and Apple Health, so as your activity is tracked on the fitness tracker your daily hydration goal is automatically increased, so your body is never dehydrated.
- What to eat and not to eat?
One of the types of kidney stones is the calcium oxalate kidney stone. Oxalate is naturally found in many healthy food options, including fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, grains, legumes, and even chocolate and tea. Moderating intake of these foods may be beneficial to people who have calcium oxalate kidney stones but eliminating can, on the contrary, be extremely harmful to your health. Eat and drink calcium and oxalate-rich foods together during a meal. In doing so, oxalate and calcium are more likely to bind to one another in the stomach and intestines before the kidneys begin processing, making it less likely that kidney stones will form.
- Calcium is your friend
Multiple people completely eliminate calcium in their diet due to calcium oxalate kidney stones. Don’t reduce the calcium. Work to cut back on the sodium in your diet and to pair calcium-rich foods with oxalate-rich foods so that they react in your stomach and not your kidneys.
To prevent uric acid stones, cut down on high-purine foods such as red meat, organ meats, and shellfish, and follow a healthy diet that contains mostly vegetables and fruits, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Limit sugar-sweetened foods and drinks, especially those that contain high fructose corn syrup. Limit alcohol because it can increase uric acid levels in the blood and avoid crash diets for the same reason. Eating less animal-based protein and eating more fruits and vegetables will help decrease urine acidity and this will help reduce the chance for stone formation.
- Listen to your doctor
In case you do have kidney stones, it is not the end of the world. When life throws lemons at you make lemonade and hydrate!